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Nima Khakzad

Nima Khakzad

Assistant Professor
EducationPhD, PEng
OfficeDCC-315, Daphne Cockwell Health Sciences Complex
Phone416-979-5000, ext. 544565
Areas of ExpertiseSystem safety; Industrial fire safety; Domino effects; Risk-based decision making

I joined the School of Occupational and Public Health in November, 2019. Before that, I was with the Faculty of Technology, Policy, and Management at Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands (2015-2019).

I have bachelor's and masters’ degrees in civil engineering, and a PhD degree in oil and gas engineering. My research is mainly focused on safety assessment and management of (petro)chemical facilities with regard to domino effects, natural-technological accidents and terrorist attacks. I am a member of the editorial boards of Safety Science and Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries.

Research interests:

  • Optimal fire protection, firefighting and emergency response in process plants
  • Risk assessment of natural-technological accidents (Natechs)
  • Security vulnerability assessment of process plants

Research projects:

  • PI: “Towards a safer chemical industry via inherently safer design,” The Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management (50 k€), The Netherlands, Sept. 2019- March 2020.  
  • Co-PI: “Integration among safety and security aspects in technical studies (InSaSeT),” Leiden-Delft-Erasmus (LDE) Centre for Safety and Security (55 k€), The Netherlands, Sept. 2018 – June 2019. 
  • Co-PI: “Exploratory study of chemical clusters’ safety and security,'' The Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management (33 k€), The Netherlands, Jan. 2018 – April 2018.
  • PI: “Multi-plant emergency planning for major security threats against chemical industrial areas,” Leiden-Delft-Erasmus (LDE) Centre for Safety and Security (25 k€), The Netherlands, Nov. 2016 – May 2017.

Books:

Chapters:

Journal articles:

  • Naderpour M, Mojaddadi Rizeei H, Khakzad N, Pradhan B. (2019). Forest fire induced Natech risk assessment: A survey of geospatial technologies, external link. Reliability Engineering and System Safety (in press):
    , external link
  • Chen C, Reniers G, Khakzad N. (2019). Integrating safety and security resources to protect chemical industrial parks from man-made domino effects: A dynamic graph approac, external linkh. Reliability Engineering and System Safety (in press). , external link
  • Khakzad N. (2019). Modeling wildfire spread in wildland-industrial interfaces using dynamic Bayesian network. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 189: 165-176.
  • Khakzad N. (2019). System safety assessment under epistemic uncertainty: Using imprecise probabilities in Bayesian network. Safety Science 116: 149-160.
  • Eslami Baladeh A, Cheraghi M, Khakzad N. (2019). A multi-objective model to optimal selection of safety measures in oil and gas facilities. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 125: 71–82.
  • Cincotta S, Khakzad N, Cozzani V, Reniers G. (2019). Resilience-based optimal firefighting to prevent domino effects in process plants. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries 58: 82-89.
  • Smit R, van de Loo J, van den Boomen M, Khakzad N, van Heck GJ, Wolfert R. (2019). Long-term availability modelling of water treatment plants. Journal of Water Process Engineering 28: 203–213.
  • Swuste P, van Nunen K, Reniers G, Khakzad N. (2019). Domino effects in chemical factories and clusters: An historical perspective and discussion. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 124: 18-30.
  • Cheraghi M, Eslami Baladeh A, Khakzad N. (2019). A fuzzy multi-attribute HAZOP technique (FMA-HAZOP): Application to gas wellhead facilities. Safety Science 114: 12-22.
  • Zarei E, Khakzad N, Cozzani V, Reniers G. (2019). Safety analysis of process systems using Fuzzy Bayesian Network (FBN). Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries 57: 7-16.
  • Khakzad N. (2018). Impact of wildfires on Canada’s oil sands facilities. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 18: 3153-3166.
  • Khakzad N. (2018). A Graph theoretic approach to optimal firefighting in oil terminals. Energies 11(11), 3101.
  • Reniers G, Khakzad N, Cozzani V, Khan F. (2018). The impact of nature on chemical industrial facilities: Dealing with challenges for creating resilient chemical industrial parks. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries 56: 378-385.
  • Khakzad N, Dadashzadeh M, Reniers G. (2018). Quantitative assessment of wildfire risk in oil facilities. Journal of Environmental Management 223: 433-443.
  • Khakzad N. (2018). Reducing the attractiveness of chemical plants to terrorist attacks: dehorning rhinos. Process Safety Progress 37(2): 150-152.
  • Khakzad N, Martinez IM, Kwon HM, Stewart C, Perera R, Reniers G. (2018). Security risk assessment and management in chemical plants: Challenges and new trends. Process Safety Progress 37(2): 211-220.
  • Misuri A, Khakzad N, Reniers G, Cozzani V. (2018). Tackling uncertainty in security assessment of critical infrastructures: Dempster-Shafer Theory vs. Credal Sets Theory. Safety Science 107: 62-76.
  • Misuri A, Khakzad N, Reniers G, Cozzani V. (2018). A Bayesian network methodology for optimal security management of critical infrastructures, external link. Reliability Engineering & System Safety (in press)., external link
  • Naderpour M, Khakzad N. (2018). Texas LPG fire: Domino effects triggered by natural hazards. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 116: 354-364.
  • Khakzad N, Amyotte P, Cozzani V, Reniers G, Pasman H. (2018). How to address model uncertainty in the escalation of domino effects? Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries 54: 49-56.
  • Khakzad N, Reniers G. Low-capacity utilization of process plants: A cost-robust approach to tackle man-made domino effects, external link. Reliability Engineering & System Safety (in press).
  • Khakzad N. (2018). Which fire to extinguish first? A risk-informed approach to emergency response in oil terminals. Risk Analysis 38(7): 1444-1454.
  • Khakzad N, Landucci G, Cozzani V, Reniers G, Pasman H. (2018). Cost-effective fire protection of chemical plants against domino effects. Reliability Engineering & System Safety 169: 412-421.
  • Khakzad N, van Gelder P. (2018). Vulnerability of industrial plants to flood-induced Natechs: A Bayesian network approach. Reliability Engineering & System Safety 169: 403-411.
  • Hosseinnia B, Khakzad N, Reniers G. (2018). Multi-plant emergency response for tackling major accidents in chemical industrial areas. Safety Science 102, 275-289.
  • Hosseinnia B, Khakzad N, Reniers G. (2018). An emergency response decision matrix against terrorist attacks with improvised device in chemical clusters. International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering 8(2): 187–199.
  • Arzaghi E, Abbassi R, Garaniya V, Binns J, Chin C, Khakzad N, Reniers G. (2018). Developing a dynamic model for pitting and corrosion-fatigue damage of subsea pipelines. Ocean Engineering 150: 391-396.
  • Zarei E, Mohammadfam I, Azadeh A, Khakzad N, Mirzai M. (2018). Dynamic risk assessment of chemical process systems using Bayesian Network. Iran Occupational Health 15(3): 103-117.
  • Zhang L, Landucci G, Reniers G, Khakzad N, Zhou J. (2018). DAMS: A model to assess domino effects by using agent-based modeling and simulation. Risk Analysis 38(8): 1585-1600.
  • Khakzad N, Naderpour M, Reniers G. (2017). A Markov chain approach to domino effects in chemical plants. Journal of Safety, Health and Environmental Research 13(2): 360-369.
  • Fakhravar D, Khakzad N, Reniers G, Cozzani V. (2017). Security vulnerability assessment of gas pipelines using discrete-time Bayesian network. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 111: 714-725.
  • Khakzad N, van Gelder P. (2017). Fragility assessment of chemical storage tanks subject to floods. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 111: 75-84.
  • Khakzad N, Reniers G. (2017). Cost-effective allocation of safety measures in chemical plants w.r.t land-use planning. Safety Science 97: 2-9.
  • Abbassi R, Khan F, Khakzad N, Vietch B, Ehlers S. (2017). Risk analysis of offshore transportation accident in Arctic waters. International Journal of Maritime Engineering 159( A3): 213-223.
  • Latifi E, Mohammadi E, Khakzad N. (2017). Process plant layout optimization with uncertainty and considering risk. Computers & Chemical Engineering 106: 224-242.
  • Khakzad N, Landucci G, Reniers G. (2017). Application of dynamic Bayesian network to performance assessment of fire protection systems during domino effects. Reliability Engineering & System Safety 167: 232-247.
  • Khakzad N, Vermaas P, Reniers G. (2017). Rethinking chemical security risks. Occupational Health & Safety (online magazine) September 2017.
  • Khakzad N, Reniers G, van Gelder P. (2017). A multi-criteria decision making approach to security assessment of hazardous facilities. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries 48: 234-243.
  • Reniers G, Khakzad N. (2017). Revolutionizing safety and security in the chemical and process industry: applying the CHESS concept. Journal of Integrated Security Science 1(1): 2-16.
  • Khakzad S, Khan F, Abbassi R, Khakzad N. (2017). Accident risk-based life cycle assessment methodology for green and safe fuel selection. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 109: 268-287.
  • Rezazadeh A, Zhang L, Reniers G, Khakzad N, Cozzani V. (2017). Optimal patrol scheduling of hazardous pipelines using Game theory. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 109: 242-256.
  • Khakzad N, Landucci G, Reniers G. (2017). Application of graph theory to cost-effective fire protection of chemical plants during domino effects. Risk Analysis 37(9): 1652-1667.
  • Zarei E, Azadeh A, Khakzad N, Aliabadi M, Mohammadfam I.  (2017). Dynamic safety assessment of natural gas stations using Bayesian network. Journal of Hazardous Materials 321: 830-840.
  • Goerlandt F, Khakzad N, Reniers G. (2017). Validity and validation of safety-related quantitative risk analysis: A review. Safety Science 99: 127-139.
  • Goerlandt F, Khakzad N, Reniers G. (2017). Special Issue: Risk Analysis Validation and Trust in Risk management. Safety Science 99: 123-126.
  • Khakzad N, Reniers G, Abbassi R, Khan F. (2016). Vulnerability analysis of process plants subject to domino effects. Reliability Engineering & System Safety 154: 127-136.
  • Zarei E, Khakzad N, Reniers G, Akbari R. (2016). On the relationship between safety climate and occupational burnout in healthcare organizations. Safety Science 89: 1-10.
  • Zhou J, Reniers G, Khakzad N. (2016). Application of event sequence diagram to evaluate emergency response actions during fire-induced domino effects. Reliability Engineering & System Safety 150: 202-209.
  • Khakzad N, Reniers G. (2016). Protecting chemical plants against terrorist attacks: a review. Journal of Socialomics 5(1). DOI: 10.4172/2167-0358.1000142.
  • Yuan Z, Khakzad N, Khan F, Amyotte P. (2016). Domino effect analysis of dust explosions using Bayesian networks. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 100: 108-116.
  • Abimbola M, Khan F, Khakzad N. (2016). Risk-based safety analysis of well integrity operations. Safety Science 84: 149-160.
  • Khakzad N, Reniers G. (2015). Using graph theory to analyze the vulnerability of process plants in the context of cascading effects. Reliability Engineering & System Safety 143: 63-73.
  • Khakzad N, Reniers G. (2015). Risk-based design of process plants considering domino effects and land use planning. Journal of Hazardous Materials 299: 289-297.
  • Yuan Z, Khakzad N, Khan F, Amyotte P. (2015). Dust explosions: A threat to the process industries. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 98: 57-71.
  • Abimbola M, Khan F, Khakzad N, Butt S. (2015). Safety and risk analysis of managed pressure drilling operation using Bayesian network. Safety Science 76: 133-144.
  • Khakzad N. (2015). Application of dynamic Bayesian network to risk analysis of domino effects in chemical infrastructures. Reliability Engineering & System Safety 138: 263-272.
  • Khakzad N, Khan F, Amyotte P. (2015). Major accidents (Grey Swans) likelihood modeling using accident precursors and approximate reasoning. Risk Analysis 35(7): 1336-1347.
  • Yuan Z, Khakzad N, Khan F, Amyotte P. (2015). Risk-based optimal safety measure allocation for dust explosions. Safety Science 74: 79-92.
  • Yuan Z, Khakzad N, Khan F, Amyotte P. (2015). Risk analysis of dust explosion scenarios using Bayesian network model. Risk Analysis 35(2): 278-291.
  • Khakzad N, Khakzad S, Khan F. (2014). Probabilistic risk assessment of major accidents: application to offshore blowouts in the Gulf of Mexico. Natural Hazards 74: 1759–1771.
  • Khakzad N, Khan F, Paltrinieri N. (2014). On the application of near accident data to risk analysis of major accidents. Reliability Engineering & System Safety 126: 116-125.
  • Khakzad N, Khan F, Amyotte P, Cozzani V. (2014). Risk management of domino effects considering dynamic consequence analysis. Risk Analysis 34(6): 1128-1138.
  • Abimbola M, Khan F, Khakzad N. (2014). Dynamic safety risk analysis of offshore drilling. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries 30: 74–85.
  • Noroozi A, Abbassi R, MacKinnon S, Khan F, Khakzad N. (2014). Effects of cold environment on human reliability assessment in offshore oil and gas facilities. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 56(5): 825-839.
  • Khakzad N, Khan F, Amyotte P. (2013). Quantitative risk analysis of offshore drilling operations: A Bayesian approach. Safety Science 57: 108-117.
  • Khakzad N, Khan F, Amyotte P, Cozzani V. (2013). Domino effect analysis using Bayesian networks. Risk Analysis 33(2): 292-306.
  • Khakzad N, Khan F, Amyotte P. (2013). Risk-based design of process systems using discrete-time Bayesian networks. Reliability Engineering & System Safety 109: 5-17.
  • Khakzad N, Khan F, Amyotte P. (2013). Dynamic safety analysis of process systems by mapping bow-tie into Bayesian network. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 91(1-2): 46-53.
  • Noroozi A, Khakzad N, Khan F, MacKinnon S, Abbassi R. (2013). The role of human error in risk analysis: Application to pre- and post-maintenance procedures of process facilities. Reliability Engineering & System Safety 119: 251-258.
  • Yuan Z, Khakzad N, Khan F, Amyotte P, Reniers G. (2013). Risk-based design of safety measures to prevent and mitigate dust explosion hazards. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 52(50): 18095-18108.
  • Khakzad N, Khan F, Amyotte P. (2012). Dynamic risk analysis using bow-tie approach. Reliability Engineering & System Safety 104: 36-44.
  • Khakzad N, Khan F, Amyotte P. (2011). Safety analysis in process facilities: Comparison of fault tree and Bayesian network approaches. Reliability Engineering & System Safety 96(8): 925-932.
  • Khodabakhshi, external link F, Ghirian A, Khakzad, external link N. (2009). Applying Simulated Annealing For Optimal Operation of Multi-Reservoir Systems. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 2(1): 80-87.
  • Khakzad N, Firoozabadi B, Farhanieh B. (2007). Numerical investigation of steady density currents flowing down an incline using V2-f turbulence model. Journal of Fluids Engineering (ASME) 129(9): 1172-1178.

Conferences:

  • Chen C, Reniers G, Khakzad N. Exploring loading and unloading operations in relation to domino effects in chemical industrial parks. The 16th International Symposium on Loss Prevention and Safety Promotion, Delft, Netherlands, 16-19 June 2019.
  • Reniers G, Khakzad N. Using economic analyses for making safety decisions in harsh environments. 4th Workshop and Symposium on Safety and Integrity Management of Operations in Harsh Environments, St. John’s, Canada, 15-17 July 2019 (accepted).
  • Dadashzadeh M, Khakzad N, Abbassi R. Vulnerability analysis of hydrogen storage accounting for TPRD activation and failure on a marine vessel. 4th Workshop and Symposium on Safety and Integrity Management of Operations in Harsh Environments, St. John’s, Canada, 15-17 July 2019 (accepted).
  • Abrishami S, Khakzad N, van Gelder P, Hosseini SM. Improving the performance of Success Likelihood Index Model (SLIM) using Bayesian network. The 29th European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2019), Hannover, Germany, 22-26 September 2019 (accepted).
  • Eslami Baladeh A, Khakzad N. Integration of Genetic Algorithm and Monte Carlo Simulation for Cost Allocation Optimization in Complex Network. The 3rd International Conference on System Reliability and Safety (ICSRS 2018), Barcelona, Spain, 24-26 November 2018.
  • Chockalingam S, Pieters W, Teixeira A, Khakzad N, van Gelder P. Combining Bayesian Networks and Fishbone Diagrams to Distinguish between Intentional Attacks and Accidental Technical Failures. The 5th International Workshop on Graphical Models for Security (GraMSec 2018), Oxford, UK, 8 July 2018.
  • Khakzad N, van Gelder P. Application of evidential network to model uncertainty in quantitative risk assessment of Natech accidents. The 28th European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2018), Trondheim, Norway, 17-21 June 2018.
  • Misuri A, Khakzad N, Reniers G, Cozzani V. Security management of process plants by a Bayesian network methodology. The 8th International Conference on Safety & Environment in Process & Power Industry (CISAP-8), Milan, Italy, 12-14 September 2018 (the paper will be published in the journal of Chemical Engineering Transactions 2018, 67)
  • Zhang L, Landucci G, Reniers G, Ovidi F, Khakzad N, Zhou J. Applying agent-based modelling and simulation for domino effect assessment in chemical industries. The 8th International Conference on Safety & Environment in Process & Power Industry (CISAP-8), Milan, Italy, 12-14 September 2018 (the paper will be published in the journal of Chemical Engineering Transactions 2018, 67).
  • Arzaghi E, Abbassi R, Garaniya V, Binns JR, Khakzad N, Reniers G. Integrated probabilistic modelling of pitting and corrosion-fatigue damage of subsea pipelines. 3rd Workshop and Symposium on Safety and Integrity Management of Operations in Harsh Environments. St. John’s, Canada, 18-20 October 2017.
  • Khakzad N, Reniers G, van Gelder P. On the application of analytic network process to security risk assessment of chemical facilities. The 27th European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2017), Portoroz, Slovenia, 18-22 June 2017.
  • Khakzad N, van Gelder P. Vulnerability assessment of chemical facilities under the impact of floods. The 27th European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2017), Portoroz, Slovenia, 18-22 June 2017.
  • Hosseininia B, Khakzad N, Reniers G. A multi-plant emergency response plan for tackling major fire accidents in chemical clusters. The 27th European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2017), Portoroz, Slovenia, 18-22 June 2017.
  • Fakhravar D, Khakzad N, Reniers G, Cozzani V. Security vulnerability assessment of gas pipeline using Bayesian network. The 27th European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2017), Portoroz, Slovenia, 18-22 June 2017.
  • Hosseininia B, Khakzad N, Reniers G. Multi-plant emergency management of major security events in chemical Industrial areas. The 7th International Conference on Safety and Security Engineering (SAFE 2017); Rome, Italy, 6-8 September 2017.
  • Khakzad N, Reniers G. Application of Bayesian network and multi-criteria decision analysis to risk-based design of chemical plants. The 15th International Symposium on Loss Prevention and Safety Promotion, Freiburg, Germany, 5-8 June 2016.
  • Khakzad N, Landucci G, Reniers G Application of Bayesian network to safety assessment of chemical plants during fire-induced domino effects. The 26th annual European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2016); Glasgow, England, 25-29 September 2016.
  • Zarei E, Mohammadfam I, Khakzad N, Reniers G. Dynamic risk analysis of natural gas pressure drop station (CGS) operations using bow-tie approach. 6th National Conference in Safety Engineering and HSE Management, Tehran, Iran, 1-3 March 2016.
  • Zarei E, Khakzad N, Reniers G. Statistical analysis of the Relationship between safety climate and occupational burnout. 6th National Conference in Safety Engineering and HSE Management, Tehran, Iran, 1-3 March 2016.
  • Khakzad N, Khan F. Bayesian risk analysis of offshore major accidents: Application to hydrocarbon releases. 22nd Society of Risk Analysis-Europe (SRA-E) Conference, Trondheim, Norway, 17-19 June 2013.
  • Khan F, Khakzad N, Amyotte P. Dynamic risk assessment: a tool for process safety management. 22nd Society of Risk Analysis-Europe (SRA-E) Conference, Trondheim, Norway, 17-19 June 2013.

Technical reports:

Datasets:

  • Governor General of Canada’s Gold Medal in Doctoral Studies, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Canada, 2013 
  • David Dunsiger Award for Excellence in Doctoral Studies,Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Canada, 2013                                                      
  • Fellow of the School of Graduate Studies, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Canada, 2012.