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Dr. Kelly Struthers Montford

Assistant Professor

Spotlight

My research interests lie at the nexus of captivity, power, and political ontology as manifest in carceral locations such as prisons and animal agriculture. Prior to joining Ryerson, I was a tenure-track professor at University of British Columbia Okanagan. From 2016 to 2019 I was a postdoctoral fellow in Punishment, Law, and Social Theory at the Centre for Criminology & Sociolegal Studies at the University of Toronto where my work included civil liberties cases on solitary confinement in Canada, research projects examining the links between child welfare apprehensions and the criminalization of Indigenous women, the SSHRC-funded Prisons Transparency Project, and various work on risk assessment, gender, and race. I have previously worked as the Senior Advisor to the Independent Expert on Human Rights and Corrections for the Province of Ontario.

I hold an Honour’s Bachelors of Social Sciences with a Specialization in Criminology from the University of Ottawa, as well as a Master’s of Arts in Sociology from the University of Alberta where I focused on feminist criminology. My PhD in Sociology was obtained from the University of Alberta where my research focused on socio-legal studies and critical theory. I held multiple awards during my graduate career, including the Izaak Walton Killam Memorial Scholarship, the SSHRC Canada Graduate Scholarship, and was named the 2013-2014 Institute for Critical Animal Studies Hilda Scholar of the year.

I am the co-editor of Colonialism and Animality (Routledge 2020) and Disability and Animality (Routledge 2020). My work has also been published in Aggression and Violent Behavior, the Journal of Food Law and Policy, Radical Philosophy Review, the New Criminal Law Review, philoSOPHIA: A Journal of Continental Feminism, the Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, Societies, and the PhaenEx Journal of Existential and Phenomenological Theory and Culture, as well as in various edited collections.

Research Interests

Critical prison studies, green criminology, feminist criminology, critical animal studies, continental philosophy, social theory, Anthropocene studies, socio-legal studies.

I am currently working on research on food and dietary normalization in prison settings based on data from the Prisons Transparency Project. I am also working on a monograph, Agricultural Power: Food, Life, and Law in Settler Spaces, where I develop a theoretical account of agricultural power as evinced in projects of colonial settlement, contemporary litigation that pivots on the distinction between real and fake foods, and the emergence of in vitro and synthetic meats. In the book, I suggest a contextual ontology of food.  I am also currently drafting a co-authored book, Abnormal Appetites: Food Politics in the Anthropocene, with Chloë Taylor, under advanced contract with McGill-Queen’s University Press (anticipated completion in 2020). I am also in the final stages of co-editing Building Abolition: Decarceration and Social Justice, stemming from a SSHRC-funded conference held in the Fall of 2019.

Beginning in the Fall of 2020 I will embark on my next major research projectAgricultural Power/Carceral Power. The overall goal of this project is to understand, within the context of settler colonialism, our current return to penal agribusiness in Canada. This will be first sustained investigation of penitentiary agriculture in Canada, and will investigate this practice at the nexus of colonialism, the environment, food production, and carceral labour. 

Education

Year Univeristy Degree
2017 University of Alberta PhD
2012 University of Alberta MA
2008 University of Ottawa BA

Courses

Course Code Course Title
CRM 205 Gender, Law, and Sexuality
CRM 310 Qualitative Research Methods

Selected Publications

Books:

Building Abolition: Decarceration and Social Justice (2021), edited by K. Struthers Montford & C. Taylor, Routledge., external link, opens in new window

Colonialism and Animality: Anti-Colonial Perspectives in Critical Animal Studies (2020), edited by K. Struthers Montford & C. Taylor, Routledge., external link

Disability and Animality: Crip Perspectives in Critical Animal Studies (2020), edited by S. Jenkins, K. Struthers Montford, & C. Taylor, Routledge., external link

Articles:

Struthers Montford, K. (2022). "The Embodiment of Contempt: Ontario Provincial Prison Food". Social & Legal Studies., external link

Struthers Montford, K. & K. Hannah-Moffat (2021). "The veneers of empiricism: Gender, race and prison classification." Aggression and Violent Behavior, 59: 101475., external link

Struthers Montford, K. & T. Wotherspoon (2021). The Contagion of Slow Violence: The Slaughterhouse and COVID-19, Animal Studies Journal, 10(1), 80-113., external link

Struthers Montford, K. (2020) “Milk and Law in the Anthropocene: Colonialism’s Dietary Interventions,” Journal of Food Law & Policy vol. 16(1): 48-77., external link

Struthers Montford, K. (2019). “Land, agriculture, and the carceral: The territorializing function of penitentiary agriculture.” Radical Philosophy Review, vol. 22(1): 113-141., external link

Struthers Montford, K. & D. Moore (Fall 2018). "The prison as reserve: Governmentality, phenomenology, and Indigenizing the prison (studies).” New Criminal Law Review, vol. 21(4): 640-663., external link

Struthers Montford, K. (Winter 2016). “Dehumanized denizens, displayed animals: Prison tourism and the discourse of the zoo.” philoSOPHIA: A Journal of Continental Feminism 6(1): 73-92., external link

Struthers Montford, K. (2015). “Transforming choices: An analysis of the marginalization of gender-specific policy making in Canadian approaches to women’s federal imprisonment.” Canadian Journal of Women and the Law 27(2): 284-310., external link

MacDonald K. & K. Struthers Montford (2014). “Eating animals to build rapport: Conducting research as veg*ns,” Societies 4(4): 737-52., external link

Struthers Montford, K. (2013). “The present referent: Nonhuman animal sacrifice and the constitution of dominant Albertan identity.” PhaenEx Journal of Existential and Phenomenological Theory and Culture, 8(2): 105-34., external link

Chapters:

Struthers Montford, K. (2022). Animals in Prison: Collateral Damage and Commodities of “Rehabilitation”. In L. Gruen & J. Marceau (Eds.), Carceral Logics: Human Incarceration and Animal Captivity (pp. 276-296). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press., external link

(in press) Struthers Montford, K. Kwon, J. & K. Hannah-Moffat “The Use of Solitary Confinement & Prisoners’ Rights,” in Canadian Prisons: Understanding the Canadian Correctional Landscape, edited by C. Cesaroni, Oxford University Press.

Struthers Montford, K. & K. Hannah-Moffat. (2020). “The Promises and Perils of Gender-Responsivity: Risk, Incarceration, and Rehabilitation,” in The Routledge Companion to Rehabilitative Work in Criminal Justice, edited by Raynor, P., McNeill, F., Taxman, F., Trotter, C., Ugwudike, P., and Graham, H., Routledge., external link

“Toward a theory of multi-species carcerality” (2020) in Colonialism and Animality: Anti-Colonial Perspectives in Critical Animal Studies, edited by K. Struthers Montford and C. Taylor, Routledge., external link

Struthers Montford, K. and C. Taylor (2020). “Beyond edibility: Towards a nonspeciesist, decolonial food ontology,” in Colonialism and Animality: Anti-Colonial Perspectives in Critical Animal Studies, edited by K. Struthers Montford and C. Taylor, Routledge., external link

Taylor, C. & K. Struthers Montford (2020). “Enabling ethical eating: Accommodation and inclusion in social justice praxis and law,’ in Disability and Animality: Crip Perspectives in Critical Animal Studies, edited by S. Jenkins, K. Struthers Montford, C. Taylor., external link

Hannah-Moffat, K & Struthers Montford, K. (2019). “Unpacking sentencing algorithms: Risk, racial accountability, and data harms,” in Predictive Sentencing: Normative and Empirical Perspectives, edited by de Keijser, J. Roberts, J., & Ryberg, J., Hart Publishing Oxford, 175-196., external link

Struthers Montford, K. (2019). “Coda: Toward an analytic of agricultural power,” in Messy Eating: Conversations on Animals as Food, edited by King, S., Carey, S., MacQuarrie, I., Millious, V., & Power, E. M., Fordham University Press, 223-232., external link

Struthers Montford, K., Hannah-Moffat, K., Hunter, A. (2017). “‘Too wicked to die:’ The enduring legacy of humane reforms to solitary confinement,” in Legal Violence and the Limits of Law: Cruel and Unusual, edited by Amy Swiffen and Joshua Nichols, New York: Routledge, 141-163., external link