Dr. Jennifer Hubbard is Professor of the History of Science and Technology; she has taught in the Department of History at Toronto Metropolitan University since 1997. She is author of A Science on the Scales: The Rise of Canadian Atlantic Fisheries Biology 1898-1939 (2006), and more recently was a contributing author and primary editor of A Century of Maritime Science: The St. Andrews Biological Station (2016). Both books won the John Lyman Award for Canadian Oceanic History from the North American Society for Oceanic History. Dr. Hubbard has published book chapters on the political history of the fisheries, fisheries exploration and environmental history of Hudson Bay, and the relation between fisheries science and fisheries economics, and the influence of forestry science on fisheries biology. She has also published articles on these subjects and the environmental and international contexts of fisheries science in the ICES Journal of Marine Science, ISIS (Journal of the History of Science Society), and Environmental History. Dr. Hubbard helped to organize and convene an international conference in Bergen, Norway (the ICES 2019 Johan Hjort Symposium), that brought together historians and fisheries biologists to try to develop trans-disciplinary perspectives on past issues experienced by fisheries biology and the influences of past ideas on more recent practices. Her current project is a history of fisheries biology from its origins up to important recent developments and emerging paradigms. She teaches courses in the history of modern technology, military technology and warfare, and environmental history and the history of exploration.