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Undergraduate Program Requirements

Toronto Metropolitan University has transitioned to a new curriculum structure to include Open Electives and you may see changes in the advisement report and/or curriculum requirements.


Toronto Met’s undergraduate programs follow a tripartite curriculum structure, as outlined in Senate Policy 2 (opens in new window) 

A program will include a Major/Plan and the following components:

Major/Plan: A scholarly focus in an academic subject area offering both breadth and depth, such as Biophysics or Human Resources Management, consisting of 24 to 30 core courses (based on a standard 40 course degree program).

Double Major/Plan: Offered only in the Bachelor of Arts degree. An approved scholarly focus in one program in two, combined, academic subject areas, such as English and History, English and Philosophy, Criminology and Sociology, consisting of 13-15 core courses in each Major area of study.

Courses that comprise an essential knowledge base for a career or further study. In many programs these are labelled as Required or Core Elective courses.

A degree level course that provides choice in the core studies of a program.

Degree level courses related either to their career paths or their personal interests. Open electives allow students to experience subject matter outside their core area(s) of study(ies), to earn a Minor, and/or to gain greater depth or breadth within their core studies.

Open electives include all degree-level courses except those identified as liberal studies courses, courses graded on a pass/fail basis, and those courses specifically excluded by Program or Teaching Departments/Schools.

Liberal Studies develop the capacity to understand and appraise the social and cultural context in which the graduate will work as a professional and live as an educated citizen. Courses are indicated as follows, LL - Lower Level, UL - Upper Level, some language courses can be both LL and UL. Courses not identified as either (LL) or (UL) are NOT Liberal Studies courses and will not be used towards the fulfilment of a Liberal Studies Requirement for graduation purposes.

Liberal Studies courses must be completed as part of the requirements for graduation in all TMU undergraduate programs. The required number of Lower and Upper Level Liberal studies courses varies according to program.

Courses must be in disciplines outside your field of professional specialization; their purpose is to develop your capacity to understand and appraise the social and cultural context in which graduates will work as professionals and live as educated citizens.

Due to their close relation to the professional fields, certain courses listed in the Lower Level Liberal Studies Table A (opens in new window)   and in the Upper Level Liberal Studies Table B (opens in new window)  cannot be taken for Liberal Studies credit by students in some programs. A list of these programs and restricted courses is provided in the Undergraduate Calendar. (opens in new window) 

A program may include the following components:

A Minor is an opportunity for you to explore a secondary area of undergraduate study either for personal interest beyond your degree program, or as an area of specific expertise related to your degree program.  Minors are noted only a student's transcript, not on the degree parchment.

A minor consists of a specific set of six courses as outlined in the Minors section of the Undergraduate Calendar.  You cannot substitute courses for a minor.  Some minors are not available to students in some programs, where the subject matter is too close to their main discipline.  These restrictions are stated in the Undergraduate Calendar. 

 Note: Student's priority should be given to the completion of their program’s graduation requirements. Taking courses over and above basic program requirements in order to earn a Minor may adversely affect overall academic performance and jeopardize Academic Standing. Students on Probationary Standing will not be authorized to take extra courses for the purposes of earning a Minor.

For more details, go to the Undergraduate Calendar. (opens in new window) 

Graduating with a Minor

It is your responsibility to apply for the Minor at the time you submit an Application to Graduate on MyServiceHub. Step by Step instructions are available through MyServiceHub Support - Select a Minor. (opens in new window) 

Your eligibility to graduate from your program will not be affected in the event that you do not meet graduation requirements of the Minor(s).   

A Specialization is an optional, formal recognized designation showing successful completion of a required series of courses.

Toronto Metropolitan University’s Optional Specializations provide an opportunity for students to enrich and augment their studies by focusing on a particular area of interest.  

Specialization courses are completed in addition to the student’s regular program requirements, often in the Spring/Summer or via Distance Education. Optional Specializations are noted on the student’s Official Transcript upon graduation from their program.

More information on Optional Specializations can be found in the Undergraduate Calendar. (opens in new window) 

A Concentration is a group of defined (6 -12 one-count core elective) courses representing a sub-specialization or emphasis within the major area of study. More than one Concentration may be completed but an individual course may only be applied to the requirements of one Concentration.

Concentrations (opens in new window)  must be formally declared and completed as part of graduation from your program. Concentrations are noted on a student's academic record/official transcript. 

For complete details and to see if your program includes/offers a Concentration go to the Undergraduate Calendar. (opens in new window) 

A program may also include other educational components: Option, Stream, Module, Co-Operative Work Term, Internship, etc.

Dynamic Curriculum

Full-time undergraduate students are responsible for accessing the updated online Undergraduate Calendar each year, and follow their curriculum as stated.

Full-time students follow the curriculum as follows:

Admitted to first year in 1st & 2nd Semester 3rd & 4th Semester 5th & 6th Semester 7th & 8th Semester 
Fall 2023 2023-2024 calendar 2024-2025 calendar 2025-2026 calendar 2026-2027 calendar
Fall 2022 2022-2023 calendar 2023-2024 calendar 2024-2025 calendar 2025-2026 calendar
Fall 2021 2021-2022 calendar 2022-2023 calendar 2023-2024 calendar 2024-2025 calendar
Fall 2020 2020-2021 calendar 2021-2022 calendar 2022-2023 calendar 2023-2024 calendar

Part-time undergraduate students are responsible for completing the curriculum for their program as set out in the online edition of the Undergraduate Calendar of the year they were admitted to their program, unless stated otherwise.


In order to graduate, students must complete their program’s curriculum and graduation requirements within a specified number of years. This is known as timespan and the clock starts “ticking” in their first term of eligibility for enrolment. Even though they may not be attending TMU for one or more terms (for example, they have decided to request a temporary Short-Term Withdrawal (opens in new window)  from their program for either the current academic term or for future academic terms due to financial, health, personal, academic or other reasons), they still continue to use up the timespan.  Students should also be aware that a lack of enrolment in consecutive terms may lead to being inactivated or discontinued (opens in new window)  from their program

Completion of the program's curriculum within a timespan from admission to the program to graduation must not exceed the number of years as follows:

  • Full-time degree programs: the maximum timespan is normally 8 (eight) years, calculated as the number of years of curriculum outlined in the undergraduate calendar multiplied by 2 (two). In the case of co-op programs requiring an additional year of program registration, 1 (one) additional year is added to the normal timespan.

  • Part-time degree programs: the maximum timespan is normally 14 (fourteen) years, calculated as the number of required single-term courses (or equivalent) divided by 3 (three).

  • Chang School Certificate Programs: the number of required single-term courses (or equivalent) divided by 2 (two), plus 1 (one) year. The maximum timespan is measured from the original registration in the certificate program


Under extenuating circumstances, students may petition from the Dean or Designate of their Faculty or Program Director for the Chang School for an extension. Students will be required to meet the academic requirements in effect when/if the extension is granted. To petition for a Timespan Extension, students must complete the  (PDF file) Undergraduate Timespan Extension Form (opens in new window)  and follow the submission instructions on the form. 

If the timespan extension is denied, or if an additional timespan is required after the approved timespan extension is completed, students can appeal to the Senate Appeals Committee for a final consideration of their request. Senate Appeal Committee decisions are final and not appealable.

To submit an appeal to the Senate Appeal Committee, students must complete the  (PDF file) Senate Appeal of Timespan (opens in new window)  and follow the submission instructions on the form.

Refer to Senate Policy 170(a): Policy on Undergraduate Course Grading, Academic Program Standing, and Eligibility to Graduate (opens in new window) .